Bharat Ratna – The Highest Civilian Award Of The Republic of India

The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted in 1954, the award is conferred “in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order”, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.

An image of the Sun along with the words “Bharat Ratna”, inscribed in Devanagari script, on a peepal leaf. On the backside, A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the center with the national motto, “Satyameva Jayate” (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script.

The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavor” in December 2011.

The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year.

Recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal-leaf–shaped medallion; there is no monetary grant associated with the award.

The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who were honored in 1954.

Since then, the award has been bestowed upon 45 individuals, including 12 who were awarded posthumously.

Former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first individual to be honored posthumously. In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient.

Indira Gandhi was the first lady to be honored with the Bharat Ratna award. Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen of Bharat Ratna Award winner in 1980.

Last awarded Madan Mohan Malviya ( Posthumous ) and Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 2015.

Here’s a complete list of BHARAT RATNA since 1954 to 2017.

  1. C. V. Raman – 1954
  2. C. Rajagopalachari – 1954
  3. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – 1954
  4. M. Visvesvaraya – 1955
  5. Bhagwan Das – 1955
  6. Jawaharlal Nehru – 1955
  7. Govind Ballabh Pant – 1957
  8. Dhondo Keshav Karve – 1958
  9. Bidhan Chandra Roy – 1961
  10. Purushottam Das Tandon – 1961
  11. Rajendra Prasad – 1962
  12. Pandurang Vaman Kane – 1963
  13. Zakir Husain – 1963
  14. Lal Bahadur Shastri -:1966
  15. Indira Gandhi -1971
  16. V. V. Giri – 1975
  17. K. Kamaraj – 1976
  18. Mother Teresa – 1980
  19. Vinoba Bhave – 1983
  20. Bacha Khan – 1987
  21. M. G. Ramachandran – 1988
  22. Nelson Mandela – 1990
  23. B. R. Ambedkar – 1990
  24. Vallabhbhai Patel – 1991
  25. Rajiv Gandhi – 1991
  26. Morarji Desai – 1991
  27. Satyajit Ray – 1992
  28. Abul Kalam Azad – 1992
  29. J. R. D. Tata – 1992
  30. Aruna Asaf Ali – 1997
  31. Gulzarilal Nanda – 1997
  32. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam -1997
  33. M. S. Subbulakshmi -1998
  34. Chidambaram Subramaniam -1998
  35. Amartya Sen – 1999
  36. Ravi Shankar – 1999
  37. Gopinath Bordoloi – 1999
  38. Jayaprakash Narayan – 1999
  39. Bismillah Khan – 2001
  40. Lata Mangeshkar – 2001
  41. Bhimsen Joshi – 2008
  42. C. N. R. Rao – 2013
  43. Sachin Tendulkar -2013
  44. Atal Bihari Vajpayee -2014
  45. Madan Mohan Malaviya – 2014

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